MenEngage Regional Consultation

4 08 2009

“Working Together Regionally”

A South Asia Consultation on Working with Boys and Men for Gender Equality and Prevention of Gender-based Violence

Dhaka, June 22 to 24, 2009

Meeting Report

By: Elizabeth Starmann

Objectives of Consultation

  1. Deepen our understanding of gender, masculinities and gender-based violence in the South Asian context
  2. Discuss an approach and process for working together regionally to engage boys and men in work towards gender equality and prevention of Gender-based Violence (GBV).
  3. Reach agreement on next steps, roles and responsibilities for working together regionally

Participants explored structural influencers in South Asia that affect work towards gender equality and GBV prevention. This was followed by a mapping of the current status of policy, resources, capacity and interventions in South Asia related to working with boys and men.

The mapping set the stage for an exploration of capacities in implementing communications for individual and social change, and advocacy for policy change.  The participants then examined regional capacity development structures that could serve the needs of the South Asian community, and potential areas of action for the future.

Key Outcomes from Sessions

Structural Influencers

The consultation began by looking at the larger view of the South Asian context with a discussion on the structural influencers in the region. Most of the structural influencers noted fell under the following categories—conflict and militarization, media, economic marginalization, social justice movements, fundamentalism/nationalism and communalism, and social/cultural norms. A few key points emerged from the discussions:

  • These key structural influencers represent realities on the ground in South Asia and frame the context in which we do our work.
  • It is difficult to address these structural influencers through local project level work

Participants felt strongly that more research is needed to unpack the impact of these structural influencers and to identify ways to address their negative consequences

(Click here for the detailed points on the five key structure influencers presented by each group)

Mapping of Policies, Capacity, Resources, and Interventions

Participants worked in mixed country groups to map the status, activities, gaps and needs in policies, capacity, resources and interventions, using the provided framework diagrams (Click here for the framework diagrams). The exercise revealed that the majority of the work in the region is clustered in certain areas with gaps in others. There are significant gaps at the policy level and a need for research to provide an evidence base for this including research on the potential the impact of policy changes. In terms of capacity there was a strong need noted in the region for specialized skills in: 1) How to network and mobilize communities and reach out to other social justice movements and link research with campaign design, and 2) How to influence governments, policies and programs. (Click here for detailed findings reported by each group)

Advocacy for Policy Change & Communications for Awareness and Change

Participants explored current perceptions and understanding of advocacy and communications, and discussed whether there was a need for a uniform consensus on how these words would be understood and used. Working descriptions of both words were shared. A key finding was that there was considerable diversity within the room on these two words, as well as multiple frameworks and definitions. A section of participants felt that there was no need to restrict people by trimming down the diversity into a single way of looking at these two words. Another section did feel that some amount of common language would help inter-regional dialogue and also help build a better framework for evaluation of work.

Capacity Development—Developing a Regional Capacity Development Structure

The discussion of what a regional resource for capacity development would look like culminated in the following outcomes:

  • There is need for a systematic approach to capacity development in the region
  • A league of coaches in the region should be developed as a means to support a more coordinated and systematic approach to capacity development
  • A preliminary draft list of qualities and criteria for selection of coaches was drawn up
  • Suggestions provided on how the curriculum could be created, issues to consider and ideas for the content (Click here for list of selection criteria and curriculum development suggestions)

(Click here for slides on league of coaches model)

Community Portal

Discussions on how actors in the region can communicate and share learning and resources concluded with strong support for the development of a community portal. Feedback indicated that the community portal needs to be interactive and dynamic, with a design similar to social networking sites like Facebook that will allow members to share, discuss and connect. The site should also include a global database of resources with a detailed search tool and sections for news, upcoming events, links to partners, online discussions and debate through blogs and discussion groups, and member, organization and country profiles. [Click here for the detailed feedback provided on the community portal]

(Click here for community portal presentation)

Research and Advocacy

The need for more research and tools for advocacy came up as an issue throughout the Day 3 consultation. The following key issues emerged:

  • Mapping of existing research across the region, qualitative and quantitative, is needed so that we start with a clear sense of what is missing and what we already know
  • A research repository needs to be developed where available research can be accessed and made available across the region.
  • Specific research topics highlighted for priority are:
    • Research on the incidence/prevalence of GBV (with men and women), and examining factors that both inhibit as well as contribute to the use of GBV
    • Research on subordinate, alternative and non-violent masculinities (may build on the Men Who Care study with CHSJ/ICRW)
    • Research on men, masculinities in post-conflict and conflict settings (Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Nepal, parts of India), as well as men, masculinities and militarization
    • Research on the socialization of boys and men, particularly socialization into violence
    • Any research carried out must include women’s rights organizations, academia, practitioners (NGOs), and policymakers – and emphasis must be on research that informs program and practice

(Click here for presentation on IMAGES research overview)

Communication and Social Media

Discussions yielded the following:

  • A regional communication and media strategy is needed. Need to explore what is already happening and then identify resources (human, monetary).
  • The strategy should include: using social media and alternative media, documentary/short films, TV talk shows, theatre, ICT technology, and print and web based media.
  • Need to consider how youth will be targeted through communications, what messages will be given and how this group will be accessed.
  • Research on impact of media on behavior in the region is needed to inform strategy and actions.

(Click here for social media presentation)


Next steps for Partners for Prevention

Capacity Development

  • P4P will continue to support capacity development in the region and we will be looking for ideas from participants and interested partners in supporting this.

Community Portal

  • Based on the feedback provided from participants, Partners for Prevention will develop a beta (test) version of the community portal in collaboration with the global MenEngage Alliance.
  • In the next few months the beta version of the site will be completed and shared with partners in the region for feedback and comments before the site is officially launched.
  • A team from Partners for Prevention and the MenEngage South Asia team will work to collect to collect resources from partners across the region to fill the community portal database to start. This will also include key global resources.

Social Media

  • P4P will plan pilots of a regional social media awareness campaign in Asia and the Pacific, and will keep interested South Asia partners up to date on progress

Research and Policy

  • P4P is working with national partners to take forward research and policy initiatives on men and masculinities in Bangladesh and possibly Pakistan and Bhutan

Links to Additional Presentations

Key Guiding Facilitation slides from Day 1 & 2 (C Y Gopinath)

MenEngage Update Presentation (Gary Barker)

P4P Presentation (James Lang)

Links to Annexes

Annex 1:  Agenda

Annex 2:  Detailed Points and Feedback from Sessions and Presentations

Annex 3:  List of Participants

ANNEX 1:  Agenda

ANNEX 2:  Detailed Points and Feedback from Sessions and Presentations

Structural Influencers:  Group Work Presentations

Militarization and conflict

  • South Asia is experiencing a “tsunami of conflict” that includes political, economic, territorial, armed and religious and identity conflict.
  • Impact of conflict: an overall sense of insecurity among men, women and children, the use of women as weapons of war, children’s greater acceptance & glorification of conflict, and an increase in exploitation as many are forced to take exploitative jobs to survive.
  • Policy Framework: Some policies do exist including UNSCR 1325 and 1820, but there is no implementation.
  • Interventions needed: It’s time to say “Men are the part of solution” and engage them by forming men’s groups to create a safe environment for women and children and reintegration and rehabilitation programs for returning soldiers. Women and children need to be included in the peace processes and capacity building is required on 1325 and interfaith leaders mobilized.
  • Capacity and Resources: sensitive Media – local and regional, more evidence supporting the impact of the positive role of boys and men, and transitional justice to reduce GBV during conflict.


  • Impact of Media:  Media is seen as a strong contributor, propagator of violence and patriarchy through the depiction and celebration of each.
  • Challenges: There is little evidence base to support both the negative and positive impacts that media has on violence and gender norms and more research is needed in order to effectively influence national and regional policy. Negotiating the delicate balance between the government policies and media freedom is difficult
  • Interventions: Monitoring by independent authorities, government policies, instruments and regulatory bodies need to be strengthened, more research needed on the impact of media in the South Asian context. Greater engagement of the media, activists, and civil society organizations including curriculum for media professionals.

Economic Marginalization

  • Impact of economic marginalization: The poor lack access to services and shelter is very limite and the outcome of economic marginalization creates a conducive environment for human trafficking.
  • Challenges: Data and information on trafficking is very limited and when it exists it is not shared across the region. Some regional data may be available but it is not the whole picture, though UNIFEM is working on developing regional data bank on trafficking. Strong committees, laws, policy frameworks and guidelines exist in many countries, but people are not aware. Many organizations are working on the issues but there is not a comprehensive network for coordination and cooperation nationally and regionally as well as a lack of sharing of expertise and experience by professionals and stakeholders. Governments need to assume leadership in coordination and monitoring.

Nationalism, fundamentalism, communalism

  • Impact on increasing GBV in the country/region:  The increased fundamentalism is some areas has put women in more vulnerable positions, increasing restrictions on their mobility, access to education and other facilities, and strong opposition by fundamentalist groups on laws on women’s  issues , DV, etc. Caste issues impact GBV, for example, Dalat women are subject to all of sorts of serious violence. And, in Sri Lanka tensions between the minority and majority have resulted in increased violence.
  • Policy framework: Broader understanding of legislation around the issues of  GBV and going beyond the protectionist laws  by mainstreaming institutional mechanisms / legislation is needed.
  • Interventions: Working with religious groups in Afghanistan, India and Pakistan and the peace movement from different groups of CSOs.

Social and Cultural norms

  • Needs: Greater capacities in South Asia, to go beyond understanding the issue to advocacy and lobbying on VAW/GBV we were not very successful. Also lack of innovation absent among key players.
  • Interventions needed on working with boys/men at all levels, particularly from pre school to university and also with training and capacity development institutions
  • Strengthen regional advocacy on GBV and through this strengthen the capacities of national machineries,
  • Massive interventions on State judiciary/law & enforcing agencies
  • Making the state more accountable in GBV by withdrawing the CEDAW reservation.
  • Need systematic interventions addressing patriarchy – root causes of GBV.

Mapping Regional Status in Policy, Capacity, Resources and Interventions: Group Work Presentations

Capacity mapping

  • Different kinds of forums and capacities to reach out to different groups (academicians, media, religious groups, policy makers, men in upper-castes/classes, etc)
  • A critical mass of people need to be mobilized to take up campaign on working with boys and men and need specialized skills in how to network and mobilize and reach out to other social justice movements and make link research with campaign design.
  • Capacity development on how to influence governments, policies and programs
  • Tools to tailor materials, tools, programs, approaches, campaigns to the specific local context for effective adaptation and implementation.
  • More research into what happens to men in vulnerable or affected in situations—arm conflict and communal tensions—and increased capacity to address men throughout the life cycle

Policy mapping

  • Gaps in International charters/ documents:  Women seen as victims, more focus on protectionist approach, disconnect with empowerment issue and human rights were perceived as men’s rights prior to CEDAW. Policy makers have their own constructions of masculinity which hinder them to see men as in need of support and protection
  • Needs:  to harmonize legal frame work internationally and at national level need to introduce gender policies in the universities and promote a stronger cooperation/ coordination between concerned ministries and gender responsive budgeting; interventions should begin at early childhood level; and research required to provide an evidence base for this including research on the benefits of male champions in policy and a cost-benefit analysis on the impact of policy changes.

Resources mapping

  • None of the countries have reached critical mass level to in working on boys and men; need greater resources, political commitment and skills; ways of building capacity are still very weak, short duration and on an ad hoc basis and a more coordinated approach is needed.
  • Not enough contextual understanding of masculinity to see why men engage in violence or how we can bring more men to fight against violence.  The majority of men who don’t support violence are yet to be utilized as resources and this needs to change. There is also the need to understand how to address this at the institutional level.
  • Resources should also include political commitments of government NGOs, civil society, academia etc.

Interventions mapping:

  • The variety of different interventions exist across South Asia were listed but focus primarily on individuals, with a limited  focus on rights and empowerment and there is a need to broaden this to include interventions on all three tires and in particular at the institutional level
  • Collaboration, coordination, integration and knowledge management needed for an effective implementation of plan of action (district, national, regional)

Building on Existing Networks: Group Work Presentations

How Stable Communities of Practice Evolve:

  • SANGAT, SEWA, Mohila Samikhya, SAHR, SAARC, Solution Exchange – existing communities
  • Should we need a regional communities. Definitely we need to share best practices, learn and get/provide support from each other.
  • Sustainable/continuation is big factor, it should aim initially for short term period. It creates competition with human & capacity areas. Need to work in one common issues in regionally. Form one small action group. Must have a common or personal need or feeling of ownership. Each of us has to feel of benefiting or person to grow from the networking.
  • Leadership, good governance and funding are big challenges.
  • Solution exchange: strongly moderated and funded, lack of government active participation, not well known in all South Asian countries
  • Network is the outcome of existing work of organization. It is not that people come and form the network, it is built based on the tensions or need
  • Reason for network should be sharply focused. Narrower the focus has more chance of sustainable. Idea of starting the network is people’s common work and common need to work  together on issues
  • Limited funding restricts access of more people. Also competition among organizations contributed to it. Inherent conflict is putting more challenge. If we have minimum agenda/s, more likely to have less conflict and more success.

Summary of discussion:

  • Goal
  • Leadership
  • Focused
  • Ownership
  • System Analyst
  • Capacity building
  • Do we have the capacity to manage communities. System analyst is needed

Channels and Challenges of Networking

  • Definitely we need to share best practices, learn and get/provide support from each other.
  • Sustainable/continuation is big factor, it should aim initially for short term period. Need to work in one common issues in regionally. Form one small action group. Must have a common or personal need or feeling of ownership. Each of us has to feel of benefiting or person to grow from the networking.
  • Leadership, good governance and funding are big challenges.
  • Network is the outcome of existing work of organization. It is not that people come and form the network, it is built based on the tensions or need
  • Reason for network should be sharply focused. Narrower the focus has more chance of sustainable. Idea of starting the network is people’s common work and common need to work  together on issues
  • Limited funding restricts access of more people. Also competition among organizations contributed to it. Inherent conflict is putting more challenge. If we have minimum agenda/s, more likely to have less conflict and more success.

Goal of Network

  • Leadership
  • Focused
  • Ownership
  • System Analyst
  • Capacity building
  • Do we have the capacity to manage communities. System analyst is needed

Channels and Challenges of Communication: Group Work Presentations

Current Experiences

  • Existing sites
  • Lack of regular communication among members
  • Lack of follow up after workshops
  • Channels and challenges

Media and Channels of Communication

  • Sites such as South, yahoo group, etc.
  • Email
  • Channels and challenges

Content of Regional Communication

  • Consultations
  • Masculinity
  • Violence against girls and women
  • Masculinity and sexuality
  • Health
  • Trafficking
  • Channels and challenges


  • Encourages and sensitises members
  • Awareness raising
  • Joint work taking place (16 Days Activism, White Ribbon Campaign)
  • Sharing of materials
  • Stakeholders interest raised (government and non government)
  • Curriculum development
  • Inclusion of the research in researches

Stable Framework

  • Exposure visits
  • E-communication
  • Issue based communication
  • Formation of Alliance across countries
  • Documentation and publication, e-publications
  • Regional annual journals (Collection of themes by convenors & sending it to  Secretariat)
  • Invite writings from regional members
  • Channels and challenges

Sustainability and Productivity

  • Increase capacity and knowledge to ensure productivity and sustainability
  • Link with corporate houses, political parties, occupational groups, etc.
  • Channels and challenges

Use of Websites

  • Individual profiles in websites
  • Database containing titles of books, reports, journals, upcoming events, should be posted
  • Regular update of database national and global policies
  • Success stories/role model
  • Links of other networks and other groups

Advocacy and Communication: Working Descriptions Emerging from Group Discussions

Advocacy: Working description

Creating the political and social will and persuading/influencing decision-makers to take actions to support an achievable outcome/policy goal that helps reduce gender-based violence.

Communication: Working description

Two-way process or dialogue with a message, a messenger, a medium and a receiver, to bring about changes in the knowledge, understanding, attitudes and behavior of boys and men, their communities, and broader groups towards gender-based violence.

Social mobilization: Working description

A process of generating public will by securing broad consensus and social commitment among all stakeholders for the elimination of GBV.

Community mobilization is a particular grassroots-level tool or process in the context of wider social mobilization.  ‘Process’ and ‘empowerment’ are the key imperatives of social mobilization.

Envisioning our Web: Detailed Feedback from Participants on Community Portal

  • Interactive, colorful design is key with lots of pictures, including the photo of each member and video links with members sharing their work, films, etc.
  • Similar to Facebook and other social networking sites, allowing users to interact and have individual profile pages.
  • Designed for slower connections as well and takes into consideration electricity issues
  • Most content should be open to non-members so anyone can view the content registering.
  • Portal interface should also be available in a variety of languages and members can share content in any language.
  • Include a section where users can seek advice and ask questions with responses from experts in the field.
  • Updated on a regular basis with engaging materials that interest members. Suggestions included: Regional and international success stories and creating an annual or bi-annual Regional journal
  • Central database of global resources with detailed search tool.
  • Provide info on training opportunities and possibly have interactive online courses on relevant topics.
  • Have organization and individual profiles that they can update and post their activities and information on.
  • Should include sections for: news, online library, upcoming events, links to partners, online discussions and debate, and member profiles.

League of Coaches Qualities and Criteria for selection (including skills)


  • Interactive approaches
  • Should be able to communicate
  • Fire in the belly (passion)
  • Friendly
  • Sensitivity gender & power
  • Minimal perspective
  • Qualities and criteria for selection, including skills


  • Willingness
  • Representation (rational –not just by size of country)
  • Mix of men:women (?)
  • Persons’ commitment
  • Proven/working experience on issues of gender and masculinity

Coaching plan (according to audience and issues)

  • How curriculum will be developed
  • Bringing together of academicians, practitioners and activists
  • They should consider all/relevant materials/resources that are available
  • Develop a draft
  • A pretest of draft curriculum in cultures/countries
  • How capacities will be built?
  • Not only a TOT rather a an explicit course giving theories, practical skills as well regional perspectives

Regional services expected of the coaches

  • Has to be an available resource in their area
  • Should proactively take promotional roles
  • Should be reaching out to different/potential organizations (go beyond NGOs)

Global Symposium on Engaging Men & Boys for Gender Equality

19 05 2009

We are happy to bring into your kind notice that the 1st Global Symposium on Engaging Men and Boys in Achieving Gender Equality was held in Rio de Janeiro from March 30 to April 3, 2009. The objective of the symposium was for promoting exchange, debate and planning for action on ‘working with boys and men against gender-based violence’. 450 representatives from various organizations, working together on the issue of engaging men and boys to end gender inequality, representing 80 different countries participated in the symposium.

This Symposium marked two tremendous accomplishments in the movement for engaging men and boys in gender equality. First, this issue is now being explicitly included in institutions all around the world including United Nations, Governmental organizations till the community-based organizations including NGOs, networks, media, research organizations, academic institutions through various ongoing programmes.

It also brought the political, cultural and spiritual challenges of professionalization and globalization. Another significant accomplishment reflected in this Symposium was that the movement has now become a multi-generational movement. In this multi-generational context a culture has/is being created and the network has been seen as a community with a legacy that will be carried and evolved further into the future.

At the end of the symposium, the Symposium came up with a “Rio Call to Action”, which urges all the stakeholders including UN & Governments to come up with a policy that ensures to engage men and boys for gender equality along with the creation of a “Youth Forum” of the network.

Knowledge, Society and Masculinity

18 05 2009

Relationships between systems of knowledge and behaviour have been highlighted because of issues pertaining to AIDS, sexuality, and gender. However there has been a lack of material and frameworks to generate thinking and orientation especially focusing on the process on how systems of knowledge develop of which socialization experience is an important dimension. Gender relations are an interactive system of connections and distinctions among people (and groups of people) – what happens to one group in this system affects the others, and is affected by them. Gender relations are not superficial, but are deeply embedded in organizational routines, in religious and legal concepts, and in the taken – for-granted arrangements of people’s lives (such as the distinction between “home” and “work”). Moreover, gender relations are multi -dimensional, interweaving relationships of power, economic arrangements, emotional relationships, systems of communication and meaning, etc.[1] Gender roles and relations, ideas and perceptions are repeated from one generation to the next. Societal views and values are internalised, shaping our attitudes, perceptions, behaviour and decisions later in life. But we have seen that gender systems are diverse and changing – they arise from different cultural histories in different parts of the world, have changed in the past and are undergoing change now (Connell 2002; Ferree et al. 1999; Holter 1997; Walby 1996).

“Gender based violence means violence inflicted or suffered on the basis of gender differences”. It is about violence which is perpetuated against a person for being a girl or a woman and for being a boy or a man. Men and women are constrained by these perceptions, which can prevent people from developing to their full potential and making the choices they would like to make. Such perceptions influence the kinds of decisions boys and girls make concerning their own lives, the games they play, the professions they want to pursue or are allowed to choose, and their relationships with each other.[2] The widely-established GAD framework gives us at least some of the basic conceptual tools for the engagement of men and boys for a project of challenging our established gender status quos and promoting human rights for both women and men. The distinction is also the basic tool for challenging men and boys: we are not challenging them as males, but rather we are challenging negative or oppressive gendered behaviour and relations. In this sense, for example, we should speak of “men’s violence” rather than “male violence,” or “men’s social power” rather than “male social power.” Men and boys do enjoy social power, many forms of privilege, and a sense of often unconscious entitlement by virtue of being male.  The conflict between his individual reality and his gendered expectations is one basic reason why a man engages in behaviours that are destructive to himself and those around him.

When “men” are considered statistically as an aggregate of individuals, they appear to have an unshakeable interest in defending inequality.  But in reality, men are not isolated individuals.  As the poet Donne said, “No man is an island, entire of itself.” Men and boys live in social relationships, many with women and girls: wives, partners, mothers, aunts, daughters, nieces, friends, classmates, workmates, professional colleagues, neighbours, and so on.  The quality of every man’s life depends to a large extent on the quality of those relationships.  Living in a system of gender inequality that limits or damages the lives of the women and girls concerned, inevitably degrades the lives of men and boys too.

While all men – a majority of men in many parts of the world – do not commit individual acts of violence against women, all men must take responsibility for helping end the problem. This is because manhood is constructed in the eyes of men and because men have long controlled the instruments of opinion-making, law-making and administration of justice.

There is a constantly recurring notion that real manhood is different from simple anatomical maleness that it is not a neutral condition that comes out spontaneously through biological maturation but a rather precarious or artificial state that must be won at all odds. The fear that accompanies these insecurities partly derives from a gendered system that assigns power and status to males. While men hold more power than women but it is also true that men also have powered over other men, hence this is where we should focus to address this system that is fostering the patriarchy in our society along with in our mind. The namely violence against women focus on sexuality; abuse or violence directly and didactically has been seen not to have the impact intended. This is because, in boys and girls, construction of knowledge and the manner of which they are conditioned do not offer the degree of comfort to internalize gender sensitive orientation. For a man, his masculinity is a bond, a glue, to the patriarchal world.  It is the thing which makes that world his, which makes it more or less comfortable to live in.  Through the incorporation of a dominant form of masculinity particular to his class, race, nationality, era, sexual orientation, and religion, he gains real benefits and an individual sense of self-worth.  From the moment when he learns, unconsciously, there are not only two sexes but a social significance to the sexes, his own self-worth becomes measured against the yardstick of gender. But the way we have set up that world of power causes immense pain, isolation, and alienation not only for women, but also for men. Further, the great paradox of our patriarchal culture is that the damaging forms of masculinity within our male-dominated society are damaging not only for women, but for men as well.

The male experience across the domains of rearing, marriage, sex/sexuality, parenting, and work/ social networks should be responded. Aspects of socialization experiences, roles, stereotyping, bias, difficulties in each of the domains should be covered. Leaving out men and boys can lead us to only address symptoms of the underlying gender system that structures the lives of women and men, rather than developing initiatives and programmes that allow us to get to the heart of the problem. (Kaufman: 2003)[3]

In that sense, resources must also be directed to ending the underlying social structures, institutions, and relationships on which this inequality is based.

Our strategies of change must be guided and fine tuned not only to reach diverse men, but to be able to identify potential allies and possible rifts in the camp of men. More than just their voice (in the sense of a male voice on a radio advertisement, or a male sports hero on a poster) is the involvement of boys and men in helping design the message to their peers. While the solution requires long-term changes in the family and the economy, in attitudes and behaviours of men and women

[1] Connell, R.W., 2003, “The role of Men and Boys in Achieving Gender Equality”,  United Nations Division of Advancement of Women, Expert group meeting on The role of Men and Boys in Achieving Gender Equality, Brazil

[2] Karlsson’, L., & Karkara, R., 2003, “Demystifying Non-discrimination and Gender For Effective Child Rights Programming”, Save the Children Sweden Denmark-Regional Office for South and Central Asia, Bangladesh

[3] Kaufman, M., 2003, “The AIM Framework-Addressing and Involving Men and Boys to Promote Gender Equality and End Gender Discrimination and Violence”, UNICEF